Landmarks & Geography

Martin, Frio Co, TX

November 17, 2008

The Levi English family (along with cousins of his wife, Matilda Burleson English) apparently settled this area of Frio County.

MARTIN, TEXAS was a frontier settlement on Todos Santos Creek at Todos Santos Lake near the Leona River, fifteen miles northwest of Dilley in southwestern Frio County. Early accounts place the lake on the old road from Pearsall. The settlement was probably named for the Martins, who were among the earliest settlers of the community. The area was probably settled in the mid-1860s and attracted cattlemen and horse traders. Mustangs roamed the area in great numbers at that time. Todos Santos Lake, described as 1½ miles long and sixty feet wide, became a much-used watering hole for thousands of longhorn cattle and mustangs. At one time a saloon operated at the lake site. Sometime in the 1880s a rural school called Todos Santos was established in the community. Early settlers included the Odens, Martins, Franks, Hays, Englishes, Burlesons, and Parks. At one time a cemetery existed in the community above the site of the Frio State Park and near the old Martin Ranch; several of the early settlers were buried there.

SOURCE BIBLIOGRAPHY: Florence Fenley, Old Timers of Southwest Texas (Uvalde, Texas: Hornby, 1957). Mrs. W. A. Roberts, “Frio County Has a Colorful History,” Frontier Times, June 1936. Vertical Files, Pearsall Public Library, Pearsall, Texas (Frio County). Ruben E. Ochoa

English’s Crossing

November 13, 2008

Develop background for English’s Crossing at Pendencia Creek (Maverick County) and also on the Leona River (Uvalde County) — at the ranch of Levi English.

Pendencia Creek

November 13, 2008

Pendencia Creek is fed by Pena Springs (in the northwest corner of Maverick County), and it winds down into current day Dimmit County. Pendencia (meaning ‘fight‘) likely got its name in reference to the resistance offered by the Indians who were reluctant to leave their beautiful homeland.

It was a running stream in the 1860s when the first settlers began to arrive.  Prior to the first wells being drilled in this area in 1884, the area around the springs was “like an oasis”, with willow trees, ferns, and abundant animal life (including alligators!).  After springs dry up, a stand of oak trees may tenaciously remain in the location for many years.

The Pendencia Creek was the site of a settlement in the late 1850s.  According to the 1860 Census of Maverick County, several homes on the Pendencia are deserted because of Indian troubles.  (See Census notes)

Captain Levi English brought 400 settlers to the Carrizo Springs area in 1867.  His own ranch was said to be located on the Pendencia.  (See Jake English Papers for details)  In 1870, an Army camp was also located in this vicinity.  Many fierce battles were fought by Indians for their springs.

Source material from:  “Dimmit County”, Springs of Texas, by Gunnar Brun and Helen C. Besse (GoogleBooks)

  • TBD: Jim Lafferty and the gang that he ran with along the Pendencia.
    Ref: Breaks of the Balcones.

Palo Pinto Creek

November 13, 2008

Develop the description of Pinto Creek

Bear Creek

November 13, 2008

Bear or Blanket Creek (goes by both names in older documents) is fed by Bear Springs, which are about 10K north-northeast of Concan (Uvalde County) on Archie Kelly’s property (in 1979).

“Here A. B. and Sue Kelly settled in the early days.  Indians often came to the springs when the Kellys lived there.”

Bear Creek is a tributary of the Frio River.  Grants in this area were patented to the Heirs of L.D. Lafferty [Lofferty], William Friday, and R. M. Hokit along Bear Creek.  On Hokit’s land is the old Bear Creek Cemetery.  Likely this is the final resting place for old Lorenzo, given that he was said to be homesteading his 160 acre survey at the time of his death in the spring of 1882.

The Google Earth coordinates for the Bear Creek Cemetery are 29° 33′ 42.27″N, 99° 40′ 58.76″W

Source materials:  Springs of Texas, by Gunnar Brun and Helen C. Besse (GoogleBooks)